~ G4CQM's Yagi Designs @ The DX Shop ~

A comprehensive range of VHF/UHF yagis designed by Derek Hilleard G4CQM...

Visitors Today:

24th July 2020... Derek G4CQM uses YO7 and AOP (professional versions software) from Brian Beezley K6STI to design a comprehensive and superior range of VHF/UHF AOWA (Advanced OWA) yagis. Lower Q designs offer greater stability in bad weather and should be considered a priority in extreme weather environments.

These designs are available as ready made hand built PowAbeam Antennas directly from Roger Banks GW4WND at The DXShop in Montgomery Powys, SY15 6TP... Meanwhile those of you requiring kits and parts should contact Richard Mason G6HKS...

50MHz 6CQM6UX & 6CQM7UX built by Roger Banks GW4WND

50MHz 6CQM6UX50MHz 6CQM7UX

6M Band (50MHz)

All 50MHz designs use 5/8 Inch OD tube elements, driven and parasitics...

Design IDElementsλBW Az°BW El°Gain dBiF/B dBEfficiency %Avg QDXShop link
6M4WB40.3460908.6416.0799.221.856m4wb
6CQM5UC50.4762938.6016.9799.76.36cqm5uc
6CQM6UX60.71547210.2422.7799.321.696cqm6ux
6M5N50LY50.80506211.0715.1299.229.876m5n50ly
6CQM7UX71.15485811.7225.2199.220.536cqm7ux
6CQM8UC281.32445112.4719.9699.18.186cqm8uc2
6M7N50LY71.67414613.2223.4899.126.406m7n50ly

 

50MHz 6M7N50LY & 70MHz 4M7N50LY built by Roger Banks GW4WND

50MHZ 6M7N50LY & 70MHz 4M7N50LY

4M Band (70MHz)

All 70MHz designs use 5/8 Inch OD tube elements throughout, except for 4M5N50U and 4M6N50U (lightweight portable antennas) using 3/16 Inch rod parasitics...

Design IDElementsλBW Az°BW El°Gain dBiF/B dBEfficiency %Avg QDXShop link
4CQM5UC50.4762928.6216.8999.75.184cqm5uc
4M5WB50.63557310.0222.9499.124.674m5wb
4M5N50U50.7536910.4124.8698.027.814m5n50u
4M5N50SX50.75506310.9716.6499.235.374m5n50sx
WS4711671.15485811.6825.6099.020.02ws47116
4M6N50U61.16455312.1421.4497.049.804m6n50u
4CQM7F71.16465512.0023.4499.213.874cqm7f
4M7N50LY71.67404613.2722.5099.318.374m7n50ly

 

4 x WAXXX10S at G3MLO

4 x WAXXX10S at G3MLO

2M Band (144MHz)

All 144MHz designs use 3/16 Inch rod parasitics and 5/8 Inch OD driven element...

Design IDElementsλBW Az°BW El°Gain dBiF/B dBEfficiency %Avg QDXShop link
CQM5UC50.4762938.6016.9599.53.84cqm5uc
CQM7F71.42455212.3719.1198.65.79cqm7f
WS2816281.62414613.1224.1397.917.4ws28162
CQM9C4X91.92404613.4226.8497.730.96cqm9c4x
CQM9C492.13404513.7125.3198.19.4cqm9c4
WAXXX10S102.36374114.2130.7098.036.29waxxx10s
CQM0211113.00333615.1737.0397.223.9cqm0211
144NX13S133.85313316.0132.0897.623.9144nx13s

 

4 x WS718562 at G6HKS

4 x WS718562 at G6HKS

70cm Band (432MHz)

All 432MHz designs use 3/16 Inch rod parasitics and 5/8 Inch OD driven element...

Design IDElementsλBW Az°BW El°Gain dBiF/B dBEfficiency %Avg QDXShop link
WS715446154.46283016.6128.0098.49.2ws715446
WS718562185.62262817.3831.0398.221.7ws718562
WS722706227.06252618.1332.7698.031.56ws722706

 

Special Build Designs

WS26075, CQM7C4 and CQM12UX 144MHz compact designs all use 3/16 Inch rod parasitics and 5/8 Inch OD driven elements...

Design IDElementsλBW Az°BW El°Gain dBiF/B dBEfficiency %Avg QDXShop link
WS2607560.75547210.2521.2898.521.48ws26075
CQM7C471.16485911.6226.0198.128.21cqm7c4
CQM12UX122.34374114.1623.0798.64.78cqm12ux

WS8C9 144MHz heavy duty design uses 5/8 Inch OD tube elements throughout...

Design IDElementsλBW Az°BW El°Gain dBiF/B dBEfficiency %Avg QDXShop link
WS8C981.64445012.8124.7199.417.53ws8c9

 

Balun

Derek G4CQM describes two easy methods that make Direct Feed using a simple Split Dipole not only feasible but also work very effectively...

 

1. Nickel-Zinc (NiZn) ferrite optimised for operation at VHF frequencies!

On the Short Wave bands your coaxial cable feeder length may be similar to the λ in question or a few multiples thereof. Under certain conditions the screen itself can display a degree of resonance. It is likely therefore that the use of a balun may be required and of benefit in eliminating radiation from the feeder and prevent it from becoming part of the aerial.

However, on the VHF bands a balun may not be required and in fact introduce unnecessary and additional losses. The most important consideration with any yagi beam is that the driven element is tuned and matched correctly. With a real 50Ω yagi this is very easy to achieve directly during the design process. Meanwhile keeping reactance low at the band edges particularly the HF end is paramount for proximity and bad weather stability.

If you are in any doubt a simple solution is the use of suitable slip on or clip over ferrite placed close up to the feedpoint. This will impede the flow of RF current on the outer surface of the screen.

Clip on ferrite sold in many electronic outlets and mail order catalogues may not be ideal. Most are made from Manganese-Zinc or Iron powder and have little effect at VHF frequencies (100MHz or higher). Instead using Nickel-Zinc (NiZn) ferrite optimised for operation at VHF frequencies is a far better choice!

Nickel-Zinc (NiZn) ferrite optimised for operation at VHF frequencies!
Nickel-Zinc (NiZn) Z Vs Frequency!
2. The λ/4 Half-Loop Trick!

Back in 1976 I attended an international electronics exhibition in Paris and had a meeting with the famous Mark Tonna F9FT. Mark showed me a very simple trick avoiding the need for a balun or ferrite on your 144MHz yagi feeder!

On the 2M band simply measure λ/4 with no Vf correction (518mm) from the DE centre, mark this point on coax cable with red tape. Push feeder toward DE creating a half-loop and tape red marker point to boom. Continue securing feeder along side of boom as normal.

Seen opposite λ/4 Half-Loop Trick used on WS8C9!

NB The λ/4 half-loop trick will only work on a metal boom!

λ/4 Half-Loop Trick used on WS8C9!

 

As a warning the Coiled-Coax Balun sometimes refered to as a Choke Balun is promoted by several commercial outlets and designers, probably because it appears as such an easy solution. Set up correctly the coil self-inductance and distributed self-capacitance resonate as a parallel trap whose high impedance inhibits unwanted shield current. Regrettably most commercially available Choke Baluns have not been tuned properly, indeed can give rise to a whole host of anomalies as it becomes part of the aerial!

Finally, always keep your feeder cable securely taped to the boom/stub mast and keep its path out of the plane of the elements along with any other metallic support structures. Avoid random loops near to the driven element!

 

DL6WU based stacking calculator

DL6WU based stacking calculator, simply enter the -3dB Beam Width (Degrees)...

Enter Freq (MHz):

Enter -3dB Beam Width (Degrees):

E-Plane:

H-Plane:

 

Resultant Stacking Distances:

E-Plane (Metres) =

H-Plane (Metres) =

E-Plane (Feet) =

H-Plane (Feet) =

 

Sun Noise Measurement at 432MHz by Richard G6HKS

 

Richard G6HKS demonstrates his measurement of Sun Noise using 4 x WS718562 yagis at a time of low solar activity (2.8GHz flux at 68). Some well known competitor antennas tested were unable to register an S Meter reading at all!

 

VSWR Test

When conducting tests odd quarter waves in the feedline should be avoided otherwise impedance transformation can magnify fault conditions when a system problem exists! Insertion of a temporary quarter wave coaxial cable section (343mm with Vf of 0.66) into the feedline at the shack end will reveal if a fault condition/problem is present... If no fault exists then introducing the quarter wave section will make no difference to measured SWR... On the other hand the temporary quarter wave section can make an improvement indicating a system fault. To be certain do this test when the antenna is dry and then wet!

 

YO7 and AOP Notes

YO7

To reduce screen clutter, YO7 does not label the figures displayed within the Yagi patterns. They are as follows:

1. Frequency
2. Forward Gain
3. Front-to-Rear Ratio
4. Input Impedance
5. Standing-Wave Ratio
6. Elevation Angle or Gain FOM

YO displays elevation angle for Yagis over ground and gain figure-of-merit for single-Yagi, free-space models.

YO defaults to a generalized definition of front-to-back ratio.

The notation 12.7-j15.4 means a resistance of 12.7 ohms in series with a reactance of -15.4 ohms.

Z stands for impedance.

The lambda symbol (λ) means wavelengths.

YO uses a generalized notion of standard front-to-back power ratio to characterize pattern quality. Conventional F/B is the ratio of forward power (at 0 degrees) to that radiated in the opposite direction (at 180 degrees).

YO's generalized F/B is the ratio of forward power to that radiated within a specified region to the rear of the antenna. This is called front-to-rear ratio (F/R).

Yagi designs maximizing conventional F/B often have large backlobes at angles other than 180 degrees. Much better patterns result when you optimize a Yagi for F/R.

The F/R region begins at 180 degrees and extends forward to a specified angle (90 degrees by default).

AOP

AO displays wire losses in dB.

AO also displays antenna efficiency in percent. This figure includes the effects of both wire and load losses.

 


G4CQM's Yagi Designs...